Do not seek to walk in the footsteps of the people of old…

At the end of April I wrote this post and told of a ritual me and Cerri participated in as part of our holiday. I did say that the ritual itself was worthy of its own article, but then my life was overtaken by the work on The Second Branch album, so it slipped me by.

Thank you for the polite reminders!

So the ritual we participated in was a recreation of the Bull’s Hide Trance. I think it was back in 2002 when the Anderida Grove began to look at ways to explore the workings of this ritual. We then did the ritual with the Grove, and then in 2004 it was the main ritual at one of the Anderida Gorsedd camps, and we did it again some years later.

It’s a long a deep ceremony based upon the evidence from a number of historical sources. Here’s the general gist of what happened back in pre-history.

A member of the tribe, who was probably a Druid/Ovate/Bard was taken to a womblike place, that may be an old barrow, or a cave. A white bull was sacrificed. Some sources say the journeyer then gorged on the flesh, others that they chewed upon a single piece, but they were then wrapped in the still warm hide, they had a heavy stone placed upon their chest, others chanted over them, and they took an inner journey. Often this journey would have a distinct purpose, such as who would be the next Chieftain.

That’s it in a very basic nutshell.

So how to replicate that in our modern age? Ok. So we weren’t going to sacrifice a white bull. We could have found a white bull skin, but who knows how that bull had been treated? We thought probably not in any sacred manner. So what was the bull’s hide for? Was ‘sensory deprivation’ its main purpose? So that’s what the Grove did. We got hold of large thick blankets, and tried to wrap someone in them.

The first issue was breathing. In the old writings it was said that the journeyer’s head wasn’t wrapped, but when we simply wrapped a person in a blanket and left their heads exposed, it didn’t do the job. So we covered their head, but then being able to breath became the issue, so we tried to leave a small breathing hole, and it was at that point we started to see some progress.

So what of the stone on the chest? Again it seemed that this was a sensory thing, kind of like focusing on your breath when meditating. So we tried different sizes of stone and found the size that seemed to work the best (although different sizes worked with various people). When the Grove and the Gorsedd conducted our version of the Bull’s Hide Trance we didn’t include the consumption of flesh.

I have to say that the results from the rituals we held were astounding. I’ll describe one from the later camp.

Evening fell and we asked people to gather around the main fire, and to bring their blankets and stones. Our marquee had been cleared, and during the day we had asked for about 10 volunteers to be ‘walkers between the worlds’ – people who would go and collect someone, bring them to the marquee, and then gently wrap them, placing their stone on their chest. There would be others in the marquee who would play chimes, a didgeridoo, singing bowls, and use their voices to create a soundscape people could journey to. So one by one the ‘walkers’ brought the journeyers and they were wrapped. The scene in the marquee did begin to look like one of those disaster photos, with maybe 60 shrouded people, all journeying.

Most of the journeyers travelled for maybe 45 minutes to an hour, and then, when one of the ‘walkers’ saw someone moving beneath the blankets, they went to them, and when they sat up, they held them. There were tears.

I know some people who made huge life-changing decisions based upon what they saw as they travelled. None of which they have come to regret. Did it work for everyone? Of course not. Everyone responds differently and sound/journeying methods work in different ways for different people, but on the whole they were all deeply moving experiences.

Now then. I had been a facilitator for all of the Bull’s Hide Trance ceremonies so when the opportunity came along to be a Journeyer, I took it. So we travelled to the Wildways Centre in Shropshire, a site complete with woodlands, and its very own replica iron age roundhouse. It was an invite-only group, and the aim was to see how the addition of the meat, plus the roundhouse, might enhance the rite. All of the participants had also completed six months of preparation, and the rite would be the focus on a further weekend’s work.

So what were the differences between the rites held by the Gorsedd, and this one?

  1. We would be journeying in a replica iron age roundhouse, not a marquee tent.
  2. We all had 6 months of preparation.
  3. We would take our fill of beef before the journey.
  4. The length of the Journey would be three hours.
  5. We would try to work out, between us, the focus of the journey.

The facilitators had obtained a rib of beef. There had been lengthy conversations with an independent village butcher, and they knew the farm from which it came, and as much detail about the animal as is possible in this current age. We all helped to dig a pit, and placed some stones within, and lit a fire upon the stones, to heat them thoroughly. We then wrapped the beef in foil, and placed it upon the hot stones, then covered the whole thing in earth. We left it for four hours there to cook. In the mean time the roundhouse was swept and prepared, and as the sun set we opened the Earth Oven to see how the meat had cooked. It was perfect. We were then asked to eat as much of the meat as we could, and afterwards we were taken to the roundhouse. It was here we were told that the journey would be for three hours. So we lay down, and our blankets were wrapped around us.

What did I learn?

For whatever reason, and I think it is mainly the sensory deprivation aspect, the reconstructed Bull’s Hide Trance ceremony works. Sadly the consumption of the beef merely made me uncomfortably full, and to then lay down on my back for three hours was not a good idea. When we had done the trance in the past it had been on grass, and although people got cold, they were comfortable. The compacted earth of the roundhouse floor was hard, really hard, and by the second hour my back was very painful. In truth the main part of my journeying was over in that first hour. The second hour was more about endurance and just getting through. But I did journey during that first hour, and the insight it gave me was powerful, and held deep wisdom. But keeping relatively comfortable is obviously important.

The additional elements of the meat, the location, the preparation, didn’t in truth seem to add anything to what we had done before. And this got me thinking, why is that? We know more about the Bull’s Hide Trance, so when we include those aspects that had been missing from the rite created by the Grove all those years before why didn’t they enhance the experience? My personal conclusion is that it was meaning. I am sure the sacrifice of the white bull, and consumption of its flesh meant something really profound for our ancient ancestors. Of course we can speculate what that connection may have been, but that’s all it is, speculation. Our lives are very different. We can walk into the Coop at any time and buy a large ribeye steak, neatly shrunk-wrapped, with cooking instructions. Very few of us have ever seen the blood and death that brought that piece of meat to us. We may have known more of the origin of the rib of beef we cooked together, but that visceral knowledge of death was still kept conveniently out of sight. I think that our ancestors had a very different relationship to their food, and their animals, one that is so alien to many of us that it simply can’t be re-created.

I’m deeply thankful for the opportunity I had to explore this rite in a deeper way. It helped me to realise that although we can seek the details of the rituals and beliefs of our prehistoric ancestors, we have to also accept that our lives are very different, and that we need different things within our modern ceremonies. Things that are meaningful to us. I once read some very powerful words. I have no idea of who originally said them, but to me they say all that needs to be said:

Don’t seek to walk in the footsteps of the people of old, seek what they sought.

By |2018-07-09T13:50:20+00:00July 9th, 2018|Categories: druidry, paganism|Tags: , , , , , , , , |15 Comments

15 Comments

  1. bish July 9, 2018 at 2:06 pm - Reply

    That last line. Wisdom.

  2. Laura B Capshaw July 9, 2018 at 2:14 pm - Reply

    You said, a few years ago, that modern Druidry is an entirely new tradition. I nodded my head sagely.
    If you seek a vision quest through sensory deprivation, go to a cave. The energy in a cave is intense as it is. Then turn off your lights…

  3. Ann Beirne July 9, 2018 at 2:25 pm - Reply

    I am claustrophobic so blankets or caves would have been a bit no no for me.

    I was very interested in the results of the different approaches though.

  4. Jennifer July 9, 2018 at 2:33 pm - Reply

    That resonates with me this morning. It’s quite mundane, but our dishwasher has broken and I have been doing dishes by hand this weekend (and for the foreseeable future.) I had done all the dishes the way my grandmothers before me have done them and it was time for the cast iron. My husband cooked some excellent bacon in it last night. After scraping the grease out of the pan, I wondered what my grandmothers would have done with it. Would it have been saved for candles or for some other future use? Would they have put it in the scraps for the dogs?

    In the end, I seek to use the resources I have with as little waste as possible.

  5. Raynrd July 9, 2018 at 2:36 pm - Reply

    Being a butcher by trade and seeing, but never partaking, the slaughter of cows and pigs I can just imagine what closeness someone would have with consuming the meat of an animal they raised and slaughtered themselves…. I am also a Taurus and have a White Bull as my totem animal which came to me when studying reiki 1….
    I have really connected to this piece and look forward to attempting this rite myself….
    Thank you for sharing this….
    Blessings to you and Cerri )O( /|\ }:-)
    Darryn

  6. Staufer Petra July 9, 2018 at 2:58 pm - Reply

    Thank you for sharing your experience.
    It sounds really interesting.
    And as the first one said: The last line is pure wisdom ❤️

  7. GORDON S COOPER July 9, 2018 at 3:34 pm - Reply

    Dear Damh et al:

    The smell of raw blood, immersion in darkness for three days in a quiet cave followed by being auddenly pulled into bright light-the 3 rays of the Sun Goddess, liquid delight of the brown brother of the forest, frozen as the golden tears that bear life-bondings of joys, blessed vy yeasts whose mysteries make it to Bard’s sustenance is not to be disregarded.

    And every obstacle you experienced can be oveecome. That’s what the next revision can do.

  8. terri July 9, 2018 at 3:51 pm - Reply

    you are very blessed to have such opportunities in your life. ty for sharing this with us. BB )O(

  9. Reverend Donna M. Swindells July 9, 2018 at 6:38 pm - Reply

    Thank you for sharing your spiritual experience. Adapting rituals for our times can make our ceremonies come alive, in the times we live in now. The purpose & meaning of any ritual is the key. Blessings.

  10. sonia July 10, 2018 at 8:39 am - Reply

    It is interesting to see how the bull sacrifice was a very ancient practice in the Priesthoods of differing cultures which of course the Romans continued with even here in the UK. The Persian Magi, however, began to despise the sacrifice of animals, and so maybe were one of the first cultures to see animals as sentient beings?

    I am unsure if the ancient Druids copied the Roman practice? Or was there evidence that bull sacrifice was part of Druid practice before the Roman invasion?

    I know for certain that most people would find the killing of an animal for any purpose very shocking today. And it is quite different for an animal to be living free then suddenly brought down by humans for meat, as it might be by any predator, than the terrible fear they must endure going to, and at, the slaughterhouse. Maybe sacrificial animals did not have such fear as they trusted the humans who usually tended them, and so had no inkling of what was about to happen? I don’t know. But I don’t think that I would have the mindset to be able to kill a trusting creature that way.

    I am glad things have changed and we don’t feel the need for animal sacrifice. You are so right, humans have changed, because our day to day lives have changed. And so out rituals of today have changed. Nothing can be stasis. We are evolving, so are our rituals.

    Thank-you for sharing this it has been very interesting.

  11. Angie July 10, 2018 at 10:58 am - Reply

    Rituals surrounding bull sacrifices are portrayed wonderfully in the novel Thursbitch by Alan Garner.

  12. Meri Novak July 10, 2018 at 3:56 pm - Reply

    This is a very old tradition of sacrifice,death and rebirth. In native tradition you seek to take on the attributes of the slain Animal/ Human by eating its flesh. Wrapping yourself is indeed sensory depervation with a weighted object.Today have weighted blankets for sensory. Into the cave and rise to a new strength and purpose. Very cool experiment!

  13. Rebecca July 11, 2018 at 10:39 pm - Reply

    One thing to remember too is that meat for our ancestors was relatively rare. Especially fattened beef. One can get near drunk on meat when they’ve abstained from flesh food for a long time. That’s not something you can recreate today, at least not without extensive preparation.

  14. Garry Watts July 13, 2018 at 12:34 am - Reply

    Interesting. Wonder it stuffing yourself with the beef was to take one the power and spirit of the bull. To wear its skin puts you is spirit in the bulls place. White creatures were normally associated with the other world. I dont know how they viewed the constellation we call Taurus but wonder if it plays a part in this. But on the subject of listening to the spirits both wind through trees and waterfalls make a remarkable sound like white noise and experiments with radio white noise and spirit voices were quite fashionable in the 60s and 70s. I have a theory that that frequency somehow opens a channel. Interestingly maybe sacred music may have the same effect, perhaps with the resonance of sacred stones after all early radios worked via vibrating crystals I believe.

  15. Garry Watts July 13, 2018 at 11:24 am - Reply

    It is of the opinion of some that the original Neolithic Britons had a strong ritualistic religion or way of life and unlike the much later Vikings they didn’t kill the original residents but integrated with them taking on a lot of their ideas and myths. I think black Annis or Ana may be one of theirs but don’t take my word for it. Anyway, to get back to the thread, I understand a lot of cattle bones were found, the remnants of a feast at Stonehenge. As Stonehenge was associated with funery rites by modern theory it may be the bull was also associated with death and spirits, maybe the guardian of the other world like Cerberus was of the Greek underworld. But all this is just conjecture. Interesting to chew over though. No pun intended lol!

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